The wars that have changed the world

Seventeen million people died during the four year war between the Allies — made up of the U.

The wars that have changed the world

InLucas signed a contract with Universal Studios to direct two films.

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He intended one of them to be a space opera inspired by the Flash Gordon serial. Knowing film studios were skeptical about the genre, Lucas directed his other idea first, American Graffitia coming-of-age story set during the s.

InLucas wrote a two-page synopsis for his space opera, Journal of the Whills. After Universal rejected the film, 20th Century Fox decided to invest in it. Subsequent drafts evolved into the script of the original film.

Not all the [merchandising rights] that came later, mind you; just the sequel rights. And Fox would get a first opportunity and last refusal right to make the movie.

The sequels were self-financed by Lucasfilmand generally advertised without the episodic number distinction [15] present in the opening crawl of the films introduced with Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back.

A New Hope Main article: Star Wars film Conceptual artist Ralph McQuarrie left and sound designer Ben Burtt right defined the iconic aesthetic and soundscape of the original trilogy.

The film opens with a Rebel spaceship being intercepted by the Empire above the desert planet Tatooine. Aboard, the deadliest Imperial agent Darth Vader and his stormtroopers capture Princess Leia Organaa secret member of the Rebellion. Before her capture, Leia makes sure the astromech droid R2-D2 escapes with stolen Imperial blueprints and a holographic message for the Jedi Knight Obi-Wan Kenobiwho has been living in exile on Tatooine.

Along with protocol droid C-3POR2-D2 falls under the ownership of Luke Skywalker, a farm boy who has been raised by his aunt and uncle. Luke helps the droids locate Obi-Wan, now a solitary old hermit known as Ben Kenobi. Obi-Wan confides to Luke that Anakin was "betrayed and murdered" by Vader, who was his apprentice years ago.

Finally, they deliver the stolen blueprints to the Rebel Alliance with the hope of finding a weakness to the Death Star. The third draft killed Annikin, replacing him with mentor figure Ben Kenobi. The draft contained a subplot leading to a sequel about "The Princess of Ondos", and some months later Lucas had negotiated a contract that gave him rights to make two sequels.

Lucas hired author Alan Dean Foster to write two sequel novels, with the main creative restriction that they could be filmed on a low budget. The fourth draft of the script underwent subtle changes, discarding "the Princess of Ondos" subplot to become a self-contained film ending with the destruction of the Galactic Empire by destroying the Death Star.

However, Lucas had previously conceived of the film as the first of a series. His backstory became the basis of the prequels and The Clone Wars animated series.

He also appeared in the anthology film Rogue One and the Rebels animated series. Before its release, Lucas considered walking away from Star Wars sequels, thinking the film would be a flop.

However, the film exceeded all expectations. The success of the film as well as its merchandise sales both led Lucas to make Star Wars the basis of an elaborate film serial[21] and use the profits to finance his film-making center, Skywalker Ranch.

A New Hope for a rerelease in The Empire Strikes Back Main article: The film begins three years after the destruction of the Death Star, when the Rebels are forced by the Empire to evacuate their secret base on Hoth.


During a fierce lightsaber duel with the Sith Lord, Luke learns that Vader is his father. But after the success of the original film, Lucas knew a sequel would be granted his desired budget.

The wars that have changed the world

Han Solo and Chewbacca were included, but the main character was Luke. Kasdan, Kershner, and producer Gary Kurtz saw the film as a more serious and adult film, which was helped by the new, darker storyline, and developed the series from the light adventure roots of the first film.

Return of the Jedi Main article: Return of the Jedi Puppeteer Frank Oz left and actor Ian McDiarmid right portrayed Yoda and Palpatine, respectively, in the original trilogy and returned to play the roles in the prequel trilogy. Afterward, Luke returns to Dagobah to complete his Jedi training, only to find the year-old Yoda on his deathbed.

This led to tension between the two, resulting in Kurtz leaving the production. After losing much of his fortune in a divorce settlement inGeorge Lucas had no desire to return to Star Wars, and had unofficially canceled the sequel trilogy by the time of Return of the Jedi.

Nevertheless, technical advances in the late s and s continued to fascinate Lucas, and he considered that they might make it possible to revisit his year-old material. The popularity of the franchise was reinvigorated by the Star Wars expanded universe storylines set after the original trilogy films, such as the Thrawn trilogy of novels written by Timothy Zahn and the Dark Empire comic book series published by Dark Horse Comics.

Due to the renewed popularity of Star Wars, Lucas saw that there was still a large audience. His children were older, and with the explosion of CGI technology he was now considering returning to directing.Wolves have been feared, hated, and persecuted for hundreds of years in North America.

The wars that have changed the world

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An extended version of the series, divided into six episodes with never before seen footage, was subsequently broadcast on H2 and in more than countries on June 22, "The fundamentals of this system are applicable to every industry across the globe [and] will have a profound impact on human society--it will truly change the world."-- "New York Times Magazine""A revealing and compellingly readable account of Japan's achievemnt in revolutionizing manufacturing.

The Star Wars figures were so popular, their production changed for Empire Strikes Back. "We started designing in advance with Kenner so the release of the toys would coincide with the release of.

Germany, an ally of Austria-Hungary, then declared war on Russia and France. Soon, the major powers were aligned against each other, turning the conflict into a major world war.

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