The role of parents in early childhood learning Susan H.
As they grow and develop, their speech and language skills become increasingly more complex. They learn to understand and use language to express their ideas, thoughts, and feelings, and to communicate with others. During early speech and language development, children learn skills that are important to the development of literacy reading and writing.
This stage, known as emergent literacy, begins at birth and continues through the preschool years. Children see and interact with print e. Parents can see their child's growing appreciation and enjoyment of print as he or she begins to recognize words that rhyme, scribble with crayons, point out logos and street signs, and name some letters of the alphabet.
Gradually, children combine what they know about speaking and listening with what they know about print and become ready to learn to read and write.
Are Spoken Language and Literacy Connected? The experiences with talking and listening gained during the preschool period Promote learning and development essay children to learn to read and ite during the early elementary school years. This means that children who enter school with weaker verbal abilities are much more likely to experience difficulties learning literacy skills than those who do not.
One spoken language skill that is strongly connected to early reading and writing is phonological awareness — the recognition that words are made up of separate speech sounds, for example, that the word dog is composed of three sounds: There are a variety of oral language activities that show children's natural development of phonological awareness, including rhyming e.
As children playfully engage in sound play, they eventually learn to segment words into their separate sounds, and "map" sounds onto printed letters, which allows them to begin to learn to read and write. Children who perform well on sound awareness tasks become successful readers and writers, while children who struggle with such tasks often do not.
Who is at Risk? There are some early signs that may place a child at risk for the acquisition of literacy skills. Preschool children with speech and language disorders often experience problems learning to read and write when they enter school.
Other factors include physical or medical conditions e. Early Warning Signs Signs that may indicate later reading and writing and learning problems include persistent baby talk, absence of interest in or appreciation for nursery rhymes or shared book reading, difficulty understanding simple directions, difficulty learning or remembering names of letters, failure to recognize or identify letters in the child's own name.
Role of the Speech-Language Pathologist Speech-language pathologists SLPs have a key role in promoting the emergent literacy skills of all children, and especially those with known or suspected literacy-related learning difficulties. The SLP may help to prevent such problems, identify children at risk for reading and writing difficulties, and provide intervention to remediate literacy-related difficulties.
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