The Prison of Socrates. Why have you come at this hour, Crito? What is the exact time?
Analysis of Plato's Crito The life of Socrates provides one example of a someone who seeks a justification for his or her moral actions. Socrates tries to use REASON rather than the values embedded in his culture to determine whether an action is right or wrong.
Setting and Prologue 43aa After conviction, Socrates was sent to the jail where he was to be executed. At that time, a ship was sailing Plato crito a sacred mission and no executions were to be performed during its absence.
Thus it happened that Socrates was confined to his cell for some 30 days. Two days before the ship was to was to return, an old friend named Crito came to visit. Crito told Socrates that plans were in place to prepare for his escape and journey to another country. Socrates points out that by escaping, he would be breaking the Laws.
And so the Practical Question in this dialogue becomes: Ought I to break the Laws? The Problem of Opinion 46da Crito says that "the opinion of the many" would judge us wrong if we didn't help you and anyone in your position would agree that you ought to escape.
By appealing to the opinion of "the many," Crito seems to be committing the Ad Populum Fallacy i. Socrates seems to set up an Open Argument: The most important thing is "to live rightly" "living well" and "living justly" are the same.
Would it be Right to disobey the laws to Plato crito from jail without official discharge? Chapter I in Cavalier, et. It is never Right to do Wrong.
Therefore, it is not right to do wrong even when one is wronged it is not right to injure even when one has been injured. The Third Premise 49ea: The place of this premise is established through a "Dialogue with the Laws" 50bd.
The Laws are Just it was not the Laws that were at fault, but the judgment of the citizens. Socrates' "answer" to the Practical Question, "Ought I to escape from jail?
How does this latter point relate to the first premise? Note how his argument led to a result that was different from the "opinion of the many. What consequences might this have for "dialogues" concerning right and wrong? In the Phaedo, Plato tells of a last dialogue by Socrates.
At the end, Socrates drinks the hemlock. Now the hour of sunset was near, for a good deal of time had passed while he was within.
When he came out, he sat down with us again after his bath, but not much was said. Soon the jailer, who was the servant of the Eleven, entered and stood by him, saying: To you, Socrates, whom I know to be the noblest and gentlest and best of all who ever came to this place, I will not impute the angry feelings of other men, who rage and swear at me when, in obedience to the authorities, I bid them drink the poison-indeed, I am sure that you will not be angry with me; for others, as you are aware, and not I, are the guilty cause.
And so fare you well, and try to bear lightly what must needs be; you know my errand. Then bursting into tears he turned away and went out.
Socrates looked at him and said: I return your good wishes, and will do as you bid. Then, turning to us, he said, How charming the man is: But we must do as he says, Crito; let the cup be brought, if the poison is prepared: Yet, said Crito, the sun is still upon the hilltops, and many a one has taken the draught late, and after the announcement has been made to him, he has eaten and drunk, and indulged in sensual delights; do not hasten then, there is still time.
Yes, Crito, and they of whom you speak are right in doing thus, for they think that they will gain by the delay; but I am right in not doing thus, for I do not think that I should gain anything by drinking the poison a little later; I should be sparing and saving a life which is already gone: I could only laugh at myself for this.
Please then to do as I say, and not to refuse me. Crito, when he heard this, made a sign to the servant, and the servant went in, and remained for some time, and then returned with the jailer carrying a cup of poison.Crito Just before dawn. Socrates I am surprised that the watchman of the prison was willing to let you in.
Crito He is used to me by this time, Socrates, because I come here so often, and besides I have done something for him. Plato (c. B.C.E.) developed such distinct areas of philosophy as epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics.
His deep influence on Western philosophy is asserted in the famous remark of Alfred North Whitehead: “the safest characterization of the European philosophical tradition is. It was one of the rules which, above all others, made Doctor Franklin the most amiable of men in society, "never to contradict anybody." If he was urged to announce an opinion, he did it rather by asking questions, as if for information, or by suggesting doubts.
Philosophically, these "Five Dialogues"--Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno, Phaedo--along with Phaedrus, Symposium and the Republic form the bulk of Plato's thought on Forms and the soul.
This is a /5(). Apology by Plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive. A survey of the history of Western philosophy.
Plato's description of Socrates's final days continued in the Κριτων ().Now in prison awaiting execution, Socrates displays the same spirit of calm reflection about serious matters that had characterized his life in freedom.