Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. He centralized his power and revolutionized the role of the servant nobility, creating a vast bureaucracy that would stabilize Russia. He would apply Western principles to his armies and the Russian Cossacks would expand throughout Eurasia. Peter also introduced radical reforms that discouraged the ancient traditions of the Boyars and in establishing St.
Title The imperial title of Peter the Great was the following: Life Early years Named after the apostleand described as a newborn as "with good health, his mother 's black, vaguely Tatar eyes, and a tuft of auburn hair",  from an early age Peter's education commissioned by his father, Tsar Alexis of Russia was put in the hands of several tutors, most notably Nikita ZotovPatrick Gordonand Paul Menesius.
Throughout this period, the government was largely run by Artamon Matveevan enlightened friend of Alexis, the political head of the Naryshkin family and one of Peter's greatest childhood benefactors. This position changed when Feodor died in As Feodor did not leave any children, a dispute arose between the Miloslavsky family Maria Miloslavskaya was the first wife of Alexis I and Naryshkin family Natalya Naryshkina was the second wife over who should inherit the throne.
Peter's other half-brother, Ivan V of Russiawas next in line for the throne, but he was chronically ill and of infirm mind. Consequently, the Boyar Duma a council of Russian nobles chose the year-old Peter to become Tsar with his mother as regent.
Peter the Great as a child This arrangement was brought before the people of Moscow, as ancient tradition demanded, and was ratified. Sophia Alekseyevnaone of Alexis' daughters from his first marriage, led a rebellion of the Streltsy Russia's elite military corps in April—May In the subsequent conflict some of Peter's relatives and friends were murdered, including Matveev, and Peter witnessed some of these acts of political violence.
Sophia acted as regent during the minority of the sovereigns and exercised all power. For seven years, she ruled as an autocrat.
A large hole was cut in the back of the dual-seated throne used by Ivan and Peter. Sophia would sit behind the throne and listen as Peter conversed with nobles, while feeding him information and giving him responses to questions and problems.
This throne can be seen in the Kremlin Armoury in Moscow. Peter was not particularly concerned that others ruled in his name.
He engaged in such pastimes as shipbuilding and sailing, as well as mock battles with his toy army. Peter's mother sought to force him to adopt a more conventional approach and arranged his marriage to Eudoxia Lopukhina in By the summer ofPeter, then age 17, planned to take power from his half-sister Sophia, whose position had been weakened by two unsuccessful Crimean campaigns against the Crimean Khanate in an attempt to stop devastating Crimean Tatar raids into Russia's southern lands.
When she learned of his designs, Sophia conspired with the leaders of the Streltsy, who continually aroused disorder and dissent. Peter, warned by the Streltsy, escaped in the middle of the night to the impenetrable monastery of Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra ; there he slowly gathered adherents who perceived he would win the power struggle.
Sophia was eventually overthrown, with Peter I and Ivan V continuing to act as co-tsars. Foy de la Neuville records that Sophia requested influential members of Peter's family, notably her aunts Tatyana and Annato mediate with him.
Still, Peter could not acquire actual control over Russian affairs. Power was instead exercised by his mother, Natalya Naryshkina. It was only when Natalya died in that Peter, now age 22, became an independent sovereign.
Peter became the sole ruler when Ivan died in Peter was 24 years old. Peter grew to be extremely tall as an adult, especially for the time period.
Both his hands and feet were small,  [ citation needed ] and his shoulders were narrow for his height; likewise, his head was small for his tall body.
Added to this were Peter's noticeable facial tics, and he may have suffered from petit mala form of epilepsy. He faced much opposition to these policies at home but brutally suppressed rebellions against his authority, including by the StreltsyBashkirsAstrakhanand the greatest civil uprising of his reign, the Bulavin Rebellion.
Peter implemented social modernization in an absolute manner by introducing French and western dress to his court and requiring courtiers, state officials, and the military to shave their beards and adopt modern clothing styles.
His only outlet at the time was the White Sea at Arkhangelsk. Peter attempted to acquire control of the Black Sea, which would require expelling the Tatars from the surrounding areas. As part of an agreement with Poland that ceded Kiev to Russia, Peter was forced to wage war against the Crimean Khan and against the Khan's overlord, the Ottoman Sultan.
Peter's primary objective became the capture of the Ottoman fortress of Azovnear the Don River.
In the summer of Peter organized the Azov campaigns to take the fortress, but his attempts ended in failure. Peter returned to Moscow in November and began building a large navy. He launched about thirty ships against the Ottomans incapturing Azov in July of that year.
In he traveled "incognito" to Western Europe on an month journey with a large Russian delegation—the so-called "Grand Embassy".Peter was portrayed on BBC Radio 4 by Isaac Rouse as a boy, Will Howard as a young adult and Elliot Cowan as an adult in the radio plays Peter the Great: The Gamblers and Peter the Great: The Queen of Spades, written by Mike Walker and which were the last two plays in the first series of Tsar.
The plays were broadcast on 25 September and 2. Peter the Great Reformer Essay - Peter the Great was the czar of Russia between and He began to influence Russia’s development almost immediately after becoming czar and transformed Russia from an isolated agricultural society into an Empire on a par with European powers.
Peter the Great was born in Moscow on Thursday, May 30, on the feast of Saint Isaac of Dalmatia (Hughes 1). Pyotr Alexeevich, his formal name, was the fourteenth child born to Alexi I and his second wife Nataliya Kryillovna Naryshkina.
Peter the Great ruled the Tsardom of Russia from to Determined to reform and modernise the country’s domestic structure, Peter succeeded in turning the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. Published: Thu, 04 May Peter the Great is famous for his large number of reforms throughout his reign.
However, whilst some reforms were mild and intended only to modernise Russia, others were more drastic and resulted in significant changes in the lives of ordinary Russians. Peter the Great Essay Sample.
Tsar Peter I, also known as Peter the Great, ruling Russia from to , implemented major military and domestic reforms .