Contact Us Ethics of Implants This bibliography cites current literature incorporating the technical background and the ethical issues regarding the implantation of electrodes into the visual cortex of the brain to facilitate use of a prosthesis which can help improve sight.
This trend raises disturbing ethical issues for the surgeons faced with young, impressionable patients. Although surgery Breast implants ethical issue reshape the nose is still the most frequent, other procedures have increased rapidly since These include breast augmentation, collagen injection, eyelid surgery, liposuction, and "tummy tuck.
In contrast, the other procedures mentioned above are substantially more controversial in the medical community when the surgery is contemplated by teenagers.
Decisional capacity of the minor and avoidance of coercion are at least two general categories of ethical issues in this controversy that must be confronted by both physicians and patients. First, minors are not generally considered ready to make such decisions either by social convention or law.
Occasional exceptions have been recognized--for example, terminally ill children for whom conventional treatments have failed are sometimes permitted to refuse further burdensome treatment. Also crucial is the tremendous influence that social pressure from the advertising and entertainment media can have on susceptible young persons.
This is not to say that all adolescents lack decisional capacity, but rather that many adolescents are subject to vicissitudes of mood that change often and unpredictably, and as a consequence, they may require assistance with prudent consideration of all the relevant benefits and burdens of surgery.
Careful discussions and observations by physicians may detect potential for parental coercion. To do otherwise would allow the child to be treated as an object rather than an autonomous moral agent.
Each of these types of ethical issues should be considered by the individual physician when counseling an adolescent seeking invasive cosmetic procedures. Fortunately, numerous doctors have developed plans for dealing with requests they consider inappropriate, such as imposing a waiting period to allow the possibility of a change of mind, careful scrutiny of the parent-child relationship to evaluate potential coercion, and consultation with the adolescent without the presence of parents.
All plastic surgeons would be well advised to adopt such vigilant screening practices when dealing with young patients requesting cosmetic procedures. Thoughtful commentary on similar issues is found in a recent book by Mary G.
Winkler and Letha B. Cole, entitled The Good Body: In her chapter entitled "Model Women," Dr. Winkler calls for a social reconceptualization of the body.Ethical Issues Regarding Cosmetic Surgery for Minors. By S.
Van McCrary, Health Law & Policy Institute. Recently, media attention has been focused on certain types of cosmetic surgery that are rapidly increasing among adolescent females in the United States. The Ethical Issues behind Plastic Surgery; and Russians getting breast implants.
Of What Sort of Proof the, para 3,9). To the first ethical Issue, Mill would most likely say that people who undergo cosmetic plastic surgery are moral because they are acting accordance with increasing happiness. However, they are acting upon a lower. Ethics of Implants This bibliography cites current literature incorporating the technical background and the ethical issues regarding the implantation of electrodes into the visual cortex of the brain to facilitate use of a prosthesis which can help improve sight.
Ethical Issues Regarding Cosmetic Surgery for Minors. By S. Van McCrary, Health Law & Policy Institute.
Recently, media attention has been focused on certain types of cosmetic surgery that are rapidly increasing among adolescent females in the United States. However, the first ethical issue I want to discuss concerns the words we use. Using the ‘correct’ words and understanding that they may have multiple meanings (polysemy) might be the right way to begin.
The socially constructed breast: breast implants and the medical construction of need. Cosmetic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery in Adolescents: Psychological, Ethical, and Legal Considerations.
Canice E has not approved breast implants for use in adolescents under the age of 18 due to concerns that they may not yet have finished physical development or have the emotional maturity to manage the physical and .