From this period until well into the 20th century, spoken dialect was phonetically transcribed into literature often as an indicator of literacy, lower-class or, under white authorship, caricaturized representations of African Americans. Until very recently, the relationship between Standard English and African American English has been binarized, thus leading to generally negative considerations of what it means for characters to speak non-standard dialects in literature. What I have found is a rich experimentation with dialect alongside representations of Standard English. What I see is not a dichotomous opposition of two registers of English.
Black writers of this period found alternatives to the Richard Wright tradition of angry social protest. Composing poems in a wide range of classical genresWheatley was determined to show by her mastery of form and metre, as well as by her pious and learned subjects, that a black poet was as capable of artistic expression as a white poet.
Poems on Various Subjects provided a powerful argument against the proslavery contention that the failure of African peoples to write serious literature was proof of their intellectual inadequacies and their fitness for enslavement.
The poetry and sermons of the Connecticut slave Jupiter Hammon —? A British citizen who had experienced enslavement in the Americas, Equiano has been traditionally regarded, along with Wheatley, as the founder of African literature in English by virtue of his having pioneered the slave narrativea firsthand literary testimony against slavery which, by the early 19th century, earned for African American literature a burgeoning readership in Britain as well as in the United States.
Recent research, however, has raised questions about whether Equiano was born an Igbo Ibo in Africa, as he claims in his autobiography. In the absence of scholarly consensus on these controversial matters, The Interesting Narrative remains a pivotal text in portraying Africa as neither morally benighted nor culturally backward but rather as a model of social harmony defiled by Euro-American greed.
In the early 19th century, the standard-bearers of African American literature spoke with heightening urgency of the need for whites to address the terrible sin of slavery.
As the prophet of literary black nationalism in the United States, David Walker wrote his incendiary Appeal, in Four Articles; Together with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the World to warn white America of impending racial violence if slavery were not abolished.
Echoing Walker, who was a fellow Bostonian, Maria W. Stewart, the first African American woman political writer, issued her Productions of Mrs. Stewart inin which she encouraged black women in the North to take a more outspoken role in civil rights agitation and black community building. Slave narratives In the wake of the bloody Nat Turner rebellion in Southampton county, Virginia, inan increasingly fervent antislavery movement in the United States sponsored firsthand autobiographical accounts of slavery by fugitives from the South in order to make abolitionists of a largely indifferent white Northern readership.
From to the end of the slavery era, the fugitive slave narrative dominated the literary landscape of antebellum black America. By predicating his struggle for freedom on his solitary pursuit of literacy, education, and independence, Douglass portrayed himself as a self-made man, which appealed strongly to middle-class white Americans.
Her work and the antislavery and feminist oratory of the New York ex-slave who renamed herself Sojourner Truth enriched early African American literature with unprecedented models of female eloquence and heroism.
Page 1 of 7.Indeed, modern African literature has drawn a lot of inspiration from European context, this is in consideration of the impacts that colonialism had on African .
flected in modern African literature.
Elechi Amadi in The Concubine writes of a beautiful lady who is dedicated to the gods and the man who marries her and incurs a fata himselfl curs Zule iridis-photo-restoration.com Sofola in.
Literature and Cultural Identity. The Role of Dialect in Contemporary African American Literature. The literary representation of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) can trace its roots back to early American slave narratives. ISSUES IN MODERN AFRICAN LITERATURE.
CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. Background to the Study. Literature across ages and continents have functioned as the embodiment and interpreter of a peoples’ culture, a conveyor of a people’s language as well as their philosophy, politics, psychology and national character. African literature is literature of or from Africa..
As George Joseph notes in his chapter on African literature in Understanding Contemporary Africa, whereas European views of literature often stressed a separation of art and content, African awareness is inclusive: "Literature" can also simply an artistic use of words for the sake of art alone.
African literature: African literature, the body of traditional oral and written literatures in Afro-Asiatic and African languages together with works written by Africans in European languages. Traditional written literature, which is limited to a smaller geographic area than is oral literature, is most characteristic Modern African.